Design fees are charged on an hourly basis. The cost of construction of a project does not determine the architectural fees, but it is a useful guideline in projecting how much design time may be needed to consider the project and produce the drawings. A full scope of architectural services, as described below, often falls within the range of 15% to 18% of the cost of construction. Fees will be in the higher end of that range for projects that consider a master plan, focus primarily on the kitchen and/or bathrooms, and/or have a construction budget below $200K. The nature of the decision-making process, Owner's directives, and the level of design input requested, all affect the overall fees. Therefore, fees can only be estimated at the start of a project based upon the potential size and complexity of the project and intended work.

Architectural Phases:

The phases of architectural services are described below. Each category notes a percentage of time that we typically spend in that phase. Phases without a percentage listed may or may not apply to your project, so such services (along with reimbursable expenses) are in addition to the estimated fee of 15% to 18% of the construction costs.

Project Initiation: (.5%)

Review client objectives, aesthetics, space planning, financial goals, and schedule. Meet at the site to become familiar with site issues and characteristics. Establish program of spaces with rough square footage for Owner approval. Review coordination with potential project collaborators such as landscape architects, interior decorators, etc.

Existing Conditions Drawings:

These drawings are created for all renovation and addition projects and vary with the size and complexity of the existing building. Costs for creating these drawings commonly range from $2,500 - $6,000.

Preliminary Permitting Review:

Review the By-Laws and Covenants which impact the property, review environmental issues, flood zones, and assess overall permitting. Arrange for consultants as necessary. Seek preliminary Planning Board, Board of Health, Building Department, and/or engineering review if necessary.

Schematic Design: (22%)

In a loose design format, working with drawings and models, develop schematic design options for discussion. Revise options as per meeting discussions and establish overall direction for design. Conclude phase with a 1/4" scale set of drawings illustrating floor plans and elevations.

Preliminary Pricing/Builder Selection: (5%)

Have a builder(s) review the schematic drawings and an outline specification of possible materials, finishes and products. The builder responds with a preliminary estimate of construction costs with which we review the scope of the project. This is an ideal time to select a builder as their schedules may significantly impact the project.

Design Development: (15%)

Develop the schematic design, considering the structure of the house and the specific nature of the rooms with components such as cabinetry, finishes, and details. Develop elevations, plans, and sections at 1/4" scale.

Construction Document Phase: (35%)

Prepare construction documents and a specification for pricing/bidding and construction. This package generally contains plans, sections, elevations, details, structural, mechanical, and electrical drawings and a specification. The structural drawings will be prepared by a structural engineer under separate contract. The complete package will be used for final pricing and construction.


JNA assists the Owners by preparing the necessary Building Permit application. Most towns require that the Contractor or Homeowner file for the Building Permit. If attendance is requested at any town meetings, JNA will be available to represent the Owner's goals and interests.

Bidding or Pricing: (2.5%)

Issue drawings and the specifications for pricing. Assist Owner in reviewing costs and signing a contract with the builder.

Construction Documentation revision:

If necessary, revise documents to reflect changes in scope of work after pricing review. Reissue drawings.

Construction Administration: (20%)

Represent Owner's goals and interests and the intent of the drawings for the duration of the construction period. Resolve design questions in the field and issue construction sketches as necessary. Review and expedite invoicing between the Contractor and Client.

Furniture and Interiors

Assist the owner in researching and selecting furniture, textiles, and other interior elements which are beyond the scope of the General Construction work.